Fundamentals methodology of formation cyber competences at security sector experts and Ukraine defense
Keywords:Security and defense sector, cyber security, cyber education, cyber competence, higher educational institution, higher military schools.
The analysis of the existing systems of training military specialists in cybersecurity issues for the national security and defense spheres in a number of leading countries of the world (USA, UK, Canada, Germany, Poland) was conducted. An analysis of the cybersecurity education system of the US population was also conducted. Data is provided about main educational institutions in these countries where military cybersecurity experts are successfully trained, as well as the training programs offered by the US Department of Homeland Security to train children in the system of pre-school and school education, their parents, teachers and other. The data shows system and programs for the preparation of cybersecurity bachelors in higher educational institutions of the United States. Analyzed the prerequisites, stages of formation and the current state of the training system in Ukraine of cybersecurity specialists. It was determined that the standards for training military specialists in higher education institutions of the security and defense sector of Ukraine did not sufficiently take into account their competence in the cybersecurity basics. The analysis of the basic concepts in the professional-competence approach to the training of cybersecurity specialists has been carried out. The main provisions of the methodology for the development of an integrated system of improving cyber-education of the population and training of specialists in cybersecurity issues for the security and defense sector of Ukraine are proposed. It has been shown that raising the level of population education in cybersecurity issues in Ukraine should begin with pre-school education, as well as introduce a permanent school cyber-education system, which will make it possible to better prepare a child for adulthood in a modern high-tech society. Clarified requirements for cybersecurity education in higher education. In accordance with the best foreign experience, it was suggested that the main efforts in training cybersecurity experts for the security and defense sector should be focused on integrating the scientific, pedagogical and material-technical potentials on a single basis, by forming higher military schools (higher education institutions with specific learning conditions) a new type in the form of an integrated teaching and research and experimental test complex.
Yu. G. Danyk, and R. V. Hrushchuk, The basics of cybernetic security. Zhytomyr, Ukraine: Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, 2016.
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2018, June 21). Law no. 2469-VIII. On National Security of Ukraine [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/ 2469-19.
President of Ukraine. (2016, Mar. 15). Decree no. 96/2016. On the decision of the Council of National Security and Defense of Ukraine dated January 27, 2016 “On the Strategy of Cyber Security of Ukraine” [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/96/ 2016.
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2017, Oct. 5). Law no. 2163-VIII. About the Basic Principles of Cyber Security of Ukraine. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ 2163-19.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2016, June 24). Regulation no. 40-r. On Approval of the Action Plan for 2017 on the Implementation of the Cyber Security Strategy of Ukraine. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/440-2016-%D1%80.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2017, Mar. 11). Regulation no. 155-r. On Approval of the Action Plan for 2017 on the Implementation of the Cyber Security Strategy of Ukraine. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/155-2017-%D1%80.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2018, Yuly 11). Regulation no. 481-r. On Approval of the Action Plan for 2018 on the Implementation of the Cyber Security Strategy of Ukraine. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/481-2018-%D1%80.
N.P. Stepanets, “Competency paradigm in training staff”, Problems of modern pedagogical education. Ser. Pedagogy and Psychology: Coll. articles, no. 39, part 3, pp. 262-271, 2013.
G. Gaponenko, “Professional competence of specialists in the security and defense sector”, Bulletin of the National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine. Series: Pedagogy, вип. 2, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Vnadped_2017 _2_10.
Official website of the Department of Homeland Security: cybersecurity. [Online]. Available: https://www.dhs.gov/topic/cybersecurity.
Boosting the Cyberworkforce. [Online]. Available: http://www.govtech.com/data/ Boosting-the-Cyberworkforce.html.
B. V. Bystrova, “Features of the formation of a system of professional training for future bachelors of cyber security in US universities”, Bulletin of Cherkasy University, no. 6,
pp. 15-18, 2017.
Yu. G. Danyk, and Yu. М. Suprunov, “Features of the formation of the system of cybernetic security of Ukraine in the context of the development of the system of cybernetic security of the leading countries of the world”, in Proc. of the National University of Defense of Ukraine, no 7 (106), pp. 5-21, 2011.
US Experience in Computer Crime Investigation. [Online]. Available: http://www.crime-research.org/news/2002/09/1103.htm.
Akademia sztuki wojennej. [Online]. Available: http://www.akademia.mil.pl.
Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna. [Online]. Available: http://www.wat.edu.pl.
Universität der Bundeswehr München. [Online]. Available: https://www.unibw.de/home.
The Defence Academy of the United Kingdom. [Online]. Available: https://www.da. mod.uk.
Royal Military College of Canada. [Online]. Available: https://www.rmc-cmr.ca/en.
О. М. Bohdanov, О. G. Dodonov, О. V. Korneiko, V. V. Mokhor, and V. О. Khoroshko, “Problems of formation of the national system of personnel training in the field of information security”, Information protection, no. 2 (7), pp. 66-70, 2001.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (1994, May. 18). Regulation no. 325. About the list of directions of training of specialists with higher education according to professional direction, specialties of different qualification levels and working professions. [Online]. Available: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/KP940325.html.
S. R. Krasylnykov, “Development of an educational professional program of training specialists in the specialty “cybersecurity” on a competent basis”, Herald of Khmelnytskyi national university, vol. 3, pp. 82-86, 2016.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (1997, May 24). Regulation no. 507. About the list of directions and specialties, which are carried out training of specialists in higher educational institutions at the relevant educational-qualification levels. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/507-97-%D0%BF.
O. V. Korneiko, and О. P. Smolianinov, “27 years of independence of Ukraine: achievements and acknowledgment in the field of information security and cyberspace of Ukraine”, in Proc. of sciences practice conf. Status and improvement of
security of information and telecommunication systems (SITS’2018), Mykolayiv, 2018, pp. 47-48.
O. V. Korneiko, I. V. Vasiucov, and V. М. Zinchenko, “Features of training in Ukraine for government agencies to provide information security and countering cybercrime”, in Proc.
sciences practice conf. Problems of the Counter-Intelligence Protection of the Economic Security of the State, Kharkiv, 2004, pp. 17-29.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2006, Dec. 13). Regulation no. 1719. About the list of areas for which specialists are trained in higher education institutions at the educational and qualification level of the bachelor's degree. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada. gov.ua/laws/show/1719-2006-%D0%BF.
O. V. Korneiko, “The current state of training specialists in Ukraine in the field of information security and security of information and telecommunication systems”, in Proc. III International science practice conf. Security of modern information and telecommunication systems, Kyiv, 2006, p. 28.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2010, Aug. 7). Regulation no. 787. About the approval of the list of specialties, which are carried out training of specialists in higher educational institutions for educational and qualification levels of specialist and master. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/787-2010-%D0%BF.
Yu. G. Danyk, and Yu. М. Suprunov, “Some approaches to the formation of a system of training for the system of cybernetic security of Ukraine”, Collection of scientific works of Zhytomyr Military Institute of the National Aviation University “Information systems”,
no. 5, pp. 5-22, 2011.
V. L. Buriachok, and В. М. Bogush, “Recommendations for the development and implementation of a model of professional competences in the field of training for the national cyber security system”, Information protection, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 72-78, 2018.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2011, Aug. 31). Regulation no. 914. The procedure for using funds provided for in the state budget to implement measures to support the implementation of state policy in the field of transport. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/914-2011-%D0%BF.
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. The portal “Legislation”. [Online]. Available: http://zakon. rada.gov.ua/laws.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2015, Apr. 29). Regulation no. 266. On Approval of the List of Fields of Knowledge and Specialties under which Higher Education Institutions are Prepared. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/266-2015-%D0%BF.
Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. (2018, Oct. 4). Order no. 1074. On approval of the standard of higher education by specialty 125 “Cyber Security” for the first (Bachelor) level of higher education. [Online]. Available: https://mon.gov.ua/storage/ app/uploads/public/5bb/626/1a8/5bb6261a84776166409164.pdf.
І. Diordytsia, “Qualification requirements for cyber security specialists”, Entrepreneurship, economy and law, no. 2, pp. 215-219, 2017.
S. M. Mamchenko, “Problems of training specialists in providing information security at the current stage of reforming the system of higher education in Ukraine”, in Proc. of scien. pract. conf. Actual problems of information security management of the state, Kyiv, 2017, pp. 19-21.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2017, Feb. 1). Regulation no. 53. On Amendments to the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated April 29, 2015, № 266. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/53-2017-D0%BF.
І. І. Smahin, The structure of the professional competence of the teacher: the normative-functional approach [Online]. Available: https://www.narodnaosvita.kiev.ua/?page_id =5001.
Methodical recommendations for the development of higher education standards [Online]. Available: https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/vishcha-osvita/rekomendatsii-1648.pdf.
O. Y. Karavin, Development of professional competence of future specialists of the computer profile as a pedagogical problem. [Online]. Available: http://naukajournal. org/index.php/naukajournal/article/view/76/92.
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2017, Sept. 5). Law of Ukraine no. 2145-VIII. About education. [Online]. Available: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2145-19.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Collection "Information technology and security"
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The authors that are published in this collection, agree to the following terms:
- The authors reserve the right to authorship of their work and pass the collection right of first publication this work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published work with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this collection.
- The authors have the right to conclude an agreement on exclusive distribution of the work in the form in which it was published this anthology (for example, to place the work in a digital repository institution or to publish in the structure of the monograph), provided that references to the first publication of the work in this collection.
- Policy of the journal allows and encourages the placement of authors on the Internet (for example, in storage facilities or on personal web sites) the manuscript of the work, prior to the submission of the manuscript to the editor, and during its editorial processing, as it contributes to productive scientific discussion and positive effect on the efficiency and dynamics of citations of published work (see The Effect of Open Access).