Method of space-frequency block coding with dual-mode index modulation aided OFDM

Vyacheslav Solodovnick, Mykola Naumenko


The technology of combining Multiple Input-Multiple Output (MIMO) and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) for modern Wireless Communication Systems is considered. The areas of priority use of time and frequency variants of Alamouti’s diversity scheme for Wireless Communication Channels with limited frequency and energy resources are determined. The concept of Index Modulation (IM) is analyzed. The method of OFDM subcarriers index modulation is determined as the most promising means of increasing noise immunity and speed of information transmission for real frequency-selective channels of Wireless Communication Systems. The benefits of Dual-Mode OFDM-IM with optimized signal constellations based on BPSK, QPSK and 16-QAM are demonstrated. A novel Signal-Code design combining the Dual-Mode Index Modulation Aided OFDM and the Orthogonal Space-Frequency Block Coding with Alamouti’s core SFBC-DM-OFDM-IM is proposed. Compared to classical SFBC-OFDM the proposed method allows simultaneously to improve spectral and energy efficiency of information transmission systems in frequency and time-varying wireless communication channel. The SFBC-DM-OFDM-IM method is advisable for providing high-quality communications with highly dynamic ground objects, unmanned aerial vehicles and other aircrafts in the conditions of Signal-to-Noise Ratio critical reduction, which takes place under the influence of electronic suppression means. The obtained scientific results can be effectively used for designing new generation Wireless Communication Networks with limited frequency and energy resources.


Space-Frequency Block Coding; MIMO; OFDM; Index Modulation; Dual-Mode; non-stationarity.


M.G. Bakulin, L.A. Varukina, and V.B. Krejndelin, “Tehnologija MIMO. Principy i algoritmy,” Moskow, Russian Federation, Gorjachaja linija-Telekom, 244 P, 2014.

L. Hanzo, Y.(J.) Akhtman, L. Wang, and M. Jiang, “MIMO-OFDM for LTE, WiFi and WiMax. Coherent versus non-coherent and cooperative turbo-transceivers,” UK: J.W.S., 658 P, 2011.

J. Andrews, A. Ghosh, and M. Rias, “Fundamentals of WiMAX: understanding broadband wireless networking (Prentice Hall Communications Engineering and Emerging Technologies Series),” Pearson Education. Prentice Hall, USA, 449 P, 2007.

E. Dahlman, S. Parkvall, and J. Skold, “4G: LTE/LTE-advanced for mobile broadband,” Academic press, 431 P, 2013.

S. Alamouti, “A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications,” IEEE Journal on Select Areas in Communications, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1451–1458, 1998, doi: 10.1109/49.730453.

C. Li, G. Li, and H. Liu, “Performance comparison of the STBC-OFDM decoders in a fast fading channel,” Journal of Marine Science and Technology, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 534–540, 2012, doi: 10.6119/JMST-011-0506-3.

M. Youssefi, N. Bounouader, Z. Guennoun, and J. Abbadi, “Adaptive Switching between Space-Time and Space-Frequency Block Coded OFDM Systems in Rayleigh Fading Channel,” International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 316–323, 2013, doi: 10.4236/IJCNS.2013.66034.

3GPP TS 36.211 Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation (Release 8), 2009.

E. Basar, “Index modulation techniques for 5G wireless networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 168–175, 2016, doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2016.7509396.

M. Wen, X. Cheng, and L. Yang, “Index Modulation for 5G Wireless Communications,” Springer International Publishing, 52 P, 2017, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-51355-3_1.

E. Basar, M. Wen, R. Mesleh, M. Renzo, Y. Xiao, and H. Haas, “Index Modulation Techniques for Next-Generation Wireless Networks,” Special section on index modulation techniques for next-generation wireless networks. IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 16693–16746, 2017, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2737528.

X. Cheng, M. Zhang, M. Wen, and L. Yang, “Index Modulation for 5G: Striving to Do More with Less,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 126–132, 2018, doi: 10.1109/ MWC.2018.1600355.

E. Basar, U. Aygolu, P. Erdal, and V. Poor, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing with index modulation,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 16, no. 22, pp. 5536–5549, 2013, doi: 10.1109/GLOCOM.2012.6503868.

M. Wen, X. Cheng, M. Ma, B. Jiao, and V. Poor, “On the achievable rate of OFDM with index modulation,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 1919–1932, 2016, doi: 10.1109/TSP.2015.2500880.

E. Basar, U. Aygolu, and E. Panayirci, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing with index modulation in the presence of high mobility,” IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, pp. 147–151, 2012, doi: 10.1109/BlackSeaCom.2013. 6623399.

M.I. Naumenko, and V.I. Solodovnick, “Cy`gnal`no-kodovi konstrukciyi z indeksnoyu modulyaciyeyu pidnesuchy`kh OFDM ta prostorovo-chasovy`m blochny`m koduvannyam dlya chastotno-selekty`vny`kh ta nestacionarny`kh kanaliv bezprovodovogo zv'yazku [Signal-code constructions based on index modulation aided OFDM and space-time block coding for frequency-selective and time varying wireless communication channels].” Elektronne naukove fakhove vy`dannya “Problemy` telekomunikacij” [Problems of Telecommunications], Kharkivs`ky`j Nacional`ny`j Universy`tet Radioelektroniky`,

vol. 2 (25), Kharkiv, Ukraine, 2019. (In Ukrainian).

V.I. Solodovnick, “Metody` prostorovo-chasovogo blochnogo koduvannya z indeksnoyu modulyaciyeyu pidnesuchy`kh OFDM dlya chastotno-selekty`vny`kh ta nestacionarny`kh kanaliv bezprovodovogo zv'yazku [Methods of space-time block coding with OFDM subcarrier index modulation for frequency-selective and time varying wireless communication channels],” in Zbirny`k materialiv Try`nadcyatoyi Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-tekhnichnoi konferenciyi «Perspekty`vy` telekomunikacij» PT-2019, KPI im. Igorya Sikors`kogo [Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Scientific and Technical Conference “Modern Challenges In Telecommunications” MCT-2019, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute], Kyiv, Ukraine, pp. 153–155, 2019. (In Ukrainian).

K.-H. Kim, and P. Hosung, “New Design of Constellation and Bit Mapping for Dual Mode OFDM-IM,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 52573–52580, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019. 2912704.

M.I. Naumenko, V.I. Solodovnick, and L.M. Pohrebniak “Metod prostorovo-chasovogo blochnogo koduvannya z dvorezhy`mnoyu indeksnoyu modulyaciyeyu pidnesuchy`x OFDM dlya chastotno-selekty`vny`x kanaliv bezprovodovogo zv'yazku [Method of Space-Time Block Coding with Dual-Mode OFDM Subcarriers Index Modulation for Frequency-Selective Wireless Communication Channels],” Zbirny`k naukovy`x pracz` VITI, [Collection of research papers of MITI], Kyiv, Ukraine, vol. 2, pp. 53–60, 2019. (In Ukrainian).

M.I. Naumenko, and V.I. Solodovnick, “Signal-Code Construction Based on Space-Time Block Coding with Dual-Mode Index Modulation Aided OFDM,” IEEE International Scientific and Practical Conference Problems of infocommunications. Science and technology PIC S&T, Kyiv, Ukraine, vol. 1, pp. 57–62, 2019.

T. Mao, Z. Wang, Q. Wang, S. Chen, and L. Hanzo, “Dual-mode index modulation aided OFDM,” IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 50–60, 2017, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2601648.

K. Fazel, S. Kaiser “Multi­carrier and spread spectrum systems: Second Edition,” WILEY, 360 P, 2008.

F. Kalbat, A. Al-Dweik, B. Sharif, and G. Karagiannidis, “Robust Precoded MIMO-OFDM for Mobile Frequency-Selective Wireless Channels,” IEEE Wireless Conference and Networking Conference (WCNC). Track 1: PHY and Fundamentals, 6 P, 2016, doi: 10.1109/WCNC. 2016.7564880.

Physical layer aspects for evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA) (Rel. 7). Third-Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Technical Report 3GPP TR 25.814 V7.1.0 (2006-09).

LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) radio transmission and reception (3GPP TS 36.104 version 8.2.0 Release 8). Technical Specification, ETSI TS 136 104 V8.2.0 (2008-11).

ETSI TS 136 104 V8.2.0 (2008-11).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2411-1031 (Print), ISSN 2518-1033 (Online)